Navigating Family Planning Methods For Your Future

In Nigeria, access to comprehensive healthcare, including family planning services, is essential for women of all backgrounds. However, various challenges, including limited resources, cultural barriers, and lack of awareness, can hinder women from making informed choices about their reproductive health. It's crucial to understand and access effective family planning methods to address these issues and empower women across Nigeria. In this article, we'll explore various family planning methods available in Nigeria, focusing on their effectiveness and accessibility.

Barrier Methods: Condoms

Condoms are widely accessible and affordable contraception methods. They act as a barrier to prevent sperm from reaching the egg, reducing the risk of pregnancy and protecting against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Condoms are available in pharmacies, community health centers, and through outreach programs. Proper education on correct usage and consistent availability are essential for maximizing their effectiveness.

Devices: Intrauterine Devices (IUDS)

IUDs are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. They offer long-term contraception, lasting from 3 to 12 years, depending on the type. While the upfront cost may be higher, IUDs are highly effective and require minimal maintenance once inserted. Access to trained healthcare providers for insertion and removal is crucial for ensuring their effectiveness and safety.

Subcutaneous Contraceptive Shot

Subcutaneous means under the skin. This type of injection requires a short needle to inject drugs into the tissue layer between the skin and muscle. The shot prevents pregnancy by stopping the egg from being released from the ovary. It can be injected with little or no supervision from the comfort of your location.


Implants are small, flexible rods inserted under the skin of the upper arm, releasing hormones to prevent pregnancy. They provide up to five years of effective contraception and are reversible upon removal. Implants are discrete and do not interfere with daily activities.

Oral contraceptives

Oral Contraceptives commonly known as "the pill," are pills taken daily to prevent pregnancy. They contain hormones that prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus. Accessible in pharmacies and healthcare facilities, consistent daily use, and access to healthcare for prescription and follow-up are essential for their effectiveness.

Emergency Contraceptives

Emergency contraceptives are pills taken after unprotected sex to prevent pregnancy. They work by delaying ovulation or preventing fertilization. Accessible in pharmacies and healthcare facilities, emergency contraceptives offer a last-resort option to prevent unintended pregnancies. However, they are not intended for regular use and should not replace ongoing contraception methods.

Intramuscular Contraceptive Injection

Intramuscular contraceptive injections, such as Depo-Provera, are administered every three months to prevent pregnancy. They provide effective contraception without daily maintenance, making them suitable for women seeking long-term birth control options. Proper counseling on potential side effects and follow-up visits are necessary to ensure continued effectiveness.

Effectiveness and Accessibility

Each family planning method's effectiveness rate depends on correct usage and consistency. However, all methods mentioned above are generally considered highly effective when used correctly.

Through outreach programs, proper education on correct usage and consistent availability are essential for maximizing effectiveness.

By empowering women with knowledge and access to family planning methods, we can improve maternal and child health, promote gender equality, and contribute to the overall well-being of families and communities across Nigeria. Remember, by planning your life, you plan your future.

Family planning is not just about preventing pregnancies; it's about empowering women to take control of their futures and make choices that positively impact their lives. Let's work together to ensure that every woman in Nigeria has the opportunity to plan her life and future according to her desires and aspirations

ContraceptivesFamily planningFamily planning in nigeria